for The Amazing Spider-Man (vol. 2) #50.
Art by J. Scott
Fantasy #15 (Aug. 1962)|
||Peter Benjamin Parker|
||Ricochet, Dusk, Prodigy, Hornet, Captain
Universe, Ben Reilly|
strength, speed, stamina, agility, reflexes; high intellect; ability
to stick to solid surfaces; clairvoyant "spider-sense"; night
vision; healing factor; toxic stingers that extend from
forearms; ability to produce both organic and synthetic
Spider-Man (Peter Benjamin Parker) is a fictional Marvel
Comics superhero created by Stan Lee and Steve
Ditko. Since his first appearance in Amazing Fantasy #15
(Aug. 1962), he has become one of the world's most popular, enduring and
commercially successful superheroes.
When Spider-Man first saw print in the 1960s, teenage characters in superhero
comic books were usually sidekicks. The Spider-Man
series broke ground by featuring a hero who himself was an adolescent, to whose
"self-obsessions with rejection, inadequacy, and loneliness" young readers could
has since appeared in various media including several animated and live-action television
series, syndicated newspaper comic
strips and a successful series of
Marvel has published several Spider-Man
comic book series, the first being The Amazing
Spider-Man. Over the years, the Peter Parker character has developed
from shy high school student to
troubled college student to a married teacher and a member of the superhero team
the Avengers, and a
scientist in the Spider-girl series.
By 1962, with the success of the Fantastic Four and other
characters, Marvel editor and head writer Stan Lee was casting about for a new
superhero idea. He said that the idea for Spider-Man arose from a surge in
teenage demand for comic books, and the desire to create a character with whom
teens could identify. In his
autobiography, Lee cites the non-superhuman pulp magazine crime
Spider as an influence and both
there and in a multitude of print and video interviews said he was inspired by
seeing a fly climb up a
wall — adding in his autobiography that he has told that story so often he has
become unsure of whether or not it is true.
Artist Ditko, in a 1990 article by himself, gave a more prosaic origin story for
||"In a discussion with me about Spider-Man, Stan said he liked
the name Hawkman but DC had
the name and character. Marvel would add Ant-Man [and the Wasp] so it would
have the insect category.
(Technically a spider is not an insect). From that I believed Stan had
named the character.
Lee approached Marvel publisher Martin
Goodman to seek approval for the character. In a 1986 interview, he
described in detail his arguments to overcome Goodman's objections.[1a]
Goodman agreed to let Lee try out Spider-Man in the upcoming final issue of the
canceled science-fiction/supernatural anthology
series Amazing Adult
Fantasy, which was renamed Amazing Fantasy for that single issue, #15
Jack Kirby, in a 1982 interview, claimed Lee had minimal involvement in the
character's creation, and that it had originated with Kirby and Joe Simon,
who in the 1950s had proposed a character called The Silver Spider for the Crestwood
comic Black Magic until the publisher went out of business. [1a]
Simon, in his 1990 autobiography, disputes Kirby's account, asserting that
the supernatural anthology
Black Magic was not a factor, and that he (Simon) devised the name
"Spiderman" (later changed to "The Silver Spider"), while Kirby outlined the
character's story and powers. Simon later elaborated that his and Kirby's
character conception became the basis for Simon's Archie Comics superhero The Fly,
introduced in early 1959.
#15 (Aug. 1962). Cover art by Jack Kirby
(penciller) & Steve Ditko
Comics historian Greg Theakston says that
Lee, after receiving Goodman's approval for the name Spider-Man and the
"ordinary teen" concept, approached Kirby. Kirby told Lee about his 1950s Silver
Spider/Spiderman, in which an orphaned boy living with an old couple finds a
magic ring that gives him superpowers. Lee and Kirby "immediately sat down for a
story conference" and Lee afterward directed Kirby to flesh out the character
and draw some pages. Steve Ditko would be the inker. "A day or
two later", Kirby showed Lee the first six pages, and, as Lee recalled, "I hated
the way he was doing it. Not that he did it badly — it just wasn't the character
I wanted; it was too heroic". Simon
concurs that Kirby had shown the original Spiderman version to Lee, who liked
the idea and assigned Kirby to draw sample pages of the new character but
disliked the results — in Simon's description, "Captain America with
Lee turned to Ditko, who developed a visual motif Lee found satisfactory,
although Lee would later replace Ditko's original cover with one penciled by
Kirby. Ditko said,
||"The Spider-Man pages Stan showed me were nothing like the
(eventually) published character. In fact, the only drawings of Spider-Man
were on the splash [i.e., page 1] and at the end [where] Kirby had the guy
leaping at you with a web gun... Anyway, the first five pages took place in
the home, and the kid finds a ring and turns into Spider-Man.
Ditko also recalled that,
||One of the first things I did was to work up a costume. A
vital, visual part of the character. I had to know how he looked ...
before I did any breakdowns. For example: A clinging power so he wouldn't
have hard shoes or boots, a hidden wrist-shooter versus a web gun and
holster, etc. ... I wasn't sure Stan would like the idea of covering the
character's face but I did it because it hid an obviously boyish face. It
would also add mystery to the character....
Much earlier, in a rare contemporaneous account, Ditko described his and
Lee's contributions in a mail interview with Gary Martin published in Comic
Fan #2 (Summer 1965): "Stan Lee thought the name up. I did costume, web
gimmick on wrist & spider signal".
Additionally, Ditko shared a Manhattan studio with noted fetish artist Eric
Stanton, an art-school classmate who, in a
1988 interview with Theakston, recalled that although his contribution to
Spider-Man was "almost nil", he and Ditko had "worked on storyboards together
and I added a few ideas. But the whole thing was created by Steve on his own...
I think I added the business about the webs coming out of his hands".
A few months after Spider-Man's introduction in Amazing Fantasy #15
(Aug. 1962), publisher Martin Goodman saw the sales figures for that issue and
found it had been one of the nascent Marvel's highest-selling comics. A solo
series followed, beginning with The Amazing
Spider-Man #1 (March 1963). The title eventually became Marvel's
top-selling series and the
character a cultural icon; a 1965 Esquire poll of
college campuses found that college students ranked Spider-Man and fellow Marvel
Hulk alongside Bob Dylan and Che
Guevara as their favorite revolutionary icons. One interviewee selected
Spider-Man because he was "beset by woes, money problems, and the question of
existence. In short, he is one of us"
Following Ditko's departure after issue #39, John Romita, Sr. became
the character's next-most-associated signature artist, penciling the character
over the several following years.
The Amazing Spider-Man #96 (May 1971), the first of
three non-Comics Code issues that
prompted the Code's first update, allowing comics to show the negative effects
of illegal-drug use. Note cover-blurb reference to "The last fatal trip!" Cover
art by Gil
An early 1970s Spider-Man story led to the revision of the Comics Code.
Previously, it was taboo to depict illegal drugs, even
negatively. However, in 1970 the Nixon administration's Department
of Health, Education, and Welfare asked Stan Lee to run an anti-drug message
in one of Marvel's top-selling titles. Lee
chose the top-selling The Amazing Spider-Man; issues #96–98 (May–July
1971) feature a story arc that shows the
negative effects of drug abuse. In the story,
Peter Parker's friend Harry Osborn starts taking
pills and becomes so ill that when Spider-Man fights the Green Goblin (Norman
Osborn), Spider-Man defeats Norman by simply showing him his sick son. While the
story had a clear anti-drug message, the Comics Code Authority refused to issue
its seal of approval. Marvel nevertheless sold the three issues without the
Comics Code Authority's approval or seal and sold so well that the industry's
self-censorship was undercut.
In 1972, a second monthly ongoing series starring
Spider-Man began: Marvel Team-Up, in
which Spider-Man is paired with other superheroes. In 1976, his second solo
series, Peter Parker, The
Spectacular Spider-Man began, running parallel to the main series; a
third solo series, Web of Spider-Man,
launched in 1985, replacing Marvel Team-Up. The
launch of a fourth monthly title in 1990, written and drawn by popular artist Todd
McFarlane, debuted with multiple variant covers and sold in excess of three
million copies, an industry record at the time. There
have generally been at least two ongoing Spider-Man series at any time. Several limited series, one-shots and loosely
related comics have also been published, and Spider-Man makes frequent cameos
and guest appearances in other comic series.
The original Amazing Spider-Man ran through issue #441 (Nov. 1998).
Writer-artist John Byrne then revamped the
origin of Spider-Man in the 13-issue miniseries Spider-Man: Chapter
One (Dec. 1998 - Oct. 1999, with an issue #0 midway through and some
months containing two issue), similar to his having details and some revisions
to Superman's origin in DC Comics' The Man of
Steel. Running concurrently, The Amazing Spider-Man was restarted
with vol. 2, #1 (Jan. 1999). With what would have been vol. 2, #59, Marvel
reintroduced the original numbering, starting with #500 (Dec. 2003). This
flagship series has reached issue #540 as of early 2007.
As of 2007, Spider-Man regularly appears in The Amazing Spider-Man,
Sensational Spider-Man, Friendly
Neighborhood Spider-Man, Spider-Man Family
and various limited series in
mainstream Marvel Comics continuity, as well as in the alternate-universe
series The Amazing Spider-Girl,
Spider-Man, the alternate-universe tween series Spider-Man Loves
Mary Jane, and the alternate-universe children's series Marvel
Adventures Spider-Man and Marvel
Adventures: The Avengers.
Spider-Man has become Marvel's flagship character, and is often used as the
company mascot. When Marvel became the first comic book company to be listed on
the New York Stock
Exchange in 1991, the Wall Street
Journal announced "Spider-man is coming to Wall Street"; the event was
in turn promoted with an actor in a Spider-Man costume accompanying Stan Lee to
the Stock Exchange. When
Marvel wanted to issue a story dealing with the immediate aftermath of the September 11th,
2001 attacks, the company settled on the December 2001 issue of The
Amazing Spider-Man. In 2006,
Spider-Man garnered major media coverage with the revealing of the character's
secret identity, an event
detailed in a full-page story in the New York Post before
the issue containing the story was even released.
Fictional character biography
In his first appearance, Peter Parker is introduced as a science whiz kid teenager from the Forest Hills
section of New York City who gets
bitten by a radioactive spider during a
science demonstration. He gains powers and at first attempts to become a TV
star. He fails to stop a thief, and weeks later the same criminal kills his Uncle Ben. Learning that
with great power comes great responsibility, Spider-Man becomes a vigilante. After his
uncle's death, he and his aunt become desperate for money, so he gets a job as a
photographer at the Daily Bugle selling photos
to J. Jonah Jameson, who
vilifies his alter ego in the paper. As he
battles his enemies for the first time, Parker finds juggling his personal life
and costumed adventures difficult, even attempting to give up. Enemies
constantly endanger his loved ones, with the Green
Goblin managing to kill his girlfriend Gwen Stacy. Though
haunted by her death, he eventually marries Mary Jane Watson, and
much later reveals his civilian identity to the world,
furthering his already numerous problems.
Powers and equipment
A bite from an irradiated spider causes a
variety of changes in Peter Parker's body, giving him superpowers.
In the original Lee-Ditko stories, Spider-Man
has the ability to cling to walls, superhuman strength, a sixth sense
("spider-sense") that alerts him to danger, perfect balance and equilibrium, as
well as superhuman speed and agility. In story-lines published in 2005 and 2006
(such as The Other), he
develops additional spider-like abilities including biological web-shooters,
toxic stingers that extend from his forearms, the ability to stick individuals
to his back, better control over Spider-sense for detection, and night vision.
Spider-Man's strength and speed have also increased beyond his original
Spider-Man's overall metabolic efficiency has been greatly increased, and the
composition of his skeleton, inter-connected tissues, and nervous system have
all been enhanced. Spider-Man's musculature has been augmented so that he is
superhumanly strong and flexible. He has developed a unique fighting style that
makes full use of his agility, strength, and equilibrium.
The three costumes of Spider-Man used in Civil War.
Art by Leinil Francis
Peter Parker is intellectually gifted, excelling in applied science, chemistry and physics. In
fact, Peter's uncanny affinity for science is nothing short of genius. He uses
his wits in addition to his powers. Besides outsmarting his foes, he constructs
many devices that complement his powers, most notably mechanical web-shooters
(ejecting an advanced adhesive compound which dissolves after two hours), which
he developed in his teenage years. They are capable of releasing web-fluid in a
variety of configurations, including a single strand to swing from, a net, and a
simple glob to foul machinery or blind an opponent. He can also weave the web
material into simple forms like a shield, a spherical protection or
hemi-spherical barrier, a club, or a hang-glider wing. Other equipment includes
spider-tracers (spider-shaped adhesive homing beacons keyed to his own
spider-sense), a light beacon which can either be used as a flashlight or
project a "Spider-Signal" design, a specially modified camera that can take pictures
automatically. He has also used an invention of Ben Reilly's (a clone of Peter
Parker), called "impact webbing": a pellet that explodes on impact into a
wrap-around net of webbing.
Though lacking in directed training, Spider-Man is one of the most
experienced superheroes in the Marvel Universe. He has worked with virtually
everyone in the superhero community at one time or another. Due to this
experience, he has beaten foes with far greater powers and abilities. His
fighting style is purely freestyle, which incorporates his speed, agility,
strength and spider-sense. A very large part of his combat ability is
improvisation and using his wits to out-think his opponents. One constant is his
habit of using jokes, puns and insults. This not only causes his adversaries to
become angry and distracted, but it also helps Spider-Man deal with any fears or
doubts that he might have during a battle.
Spider-Man has had a few costume changes over his history, with three notable
costumes -- his traditional red-and-blue costume, the black-and-white alien symbiote (later
developed into a regular costume for stealth) and the technologically advanced Stark
Armor costume designed by Tony Stark. In early comics and
sporadically throughout his run depending on a given artist's interpretation,
Spider-Man's costume included webbing that extended from his underarms to his
Spider-Man editor Axel Alonso said in a November 2006 interview that
Spider-Man will again wear his black costume beginning February 2007 partially,
but not primarily, due to the third Spider-Man film.
Spider-Man has one of the best-known rogues galleries in
comics. Spider-Man's most infamous and dangerous enemies are generally
considered to be the Green Goblin, Doctor
Octopus, and Venom. Others include the Lizard, Chameleon, Hobgoblin, Kraven the Hunter, the Scorpion, the Sandman, the Rhino, Mysterio, Vulture, Electro, Carnage, the Kingpin, and Shocker. As with
Spider-Man, the majority of these villains' powers originate with scientific
accidents or the misuse of scientific technology, and they tend to have
animal-themed costumes or powers. At times these villains have formed groups
such as the Sinister Six to oppose
Spider-Man, his Aunt May and wife Mary Jane. Art by Mike
Spider-Man was conceived as an ordinary person given great power, and the
comics detail his civilian life, friends, family and romances as much as his
Some of the more important and well-known members of his extensive supporting
May – Peter Parker's loving aunt, who raises him after his parents die.
After the murder of her husband, Peter's Uncle Ben, May is
virtually his only family, and they are very close.
Stacy – Peter's college girlfriend, who is tragically killed when the Green
Goblin throws her off a bridge. Though alive while falling, Spider-Man
snares her ankle with his webbing and the sudden deceleration snaps her neck.
- Betty Brant – Secretary at
the Daily Bugle who was once in love with Peter
- J. Jonah Jameson –
the irascible publisher of the Daily Bugle newspaper.
While he employs Peter Parker as a photographer, he is also Spider-Man's
greatest critic and largely responsible for the public's distrust of the hero.
- Joseph "Robbie"
Robertson – Editor-in-chief at the Daily Bugle, a moderating
influence on Jameson, and a father figure to Peter after Uncle Ben's death.
- Mary Jane Watson –
originally merely Gwen Stacy's competition, MJ eventually became Peter's best
friend and wife.
- Flash Thompson – Peter
Parker's high school tormentor, later one of his
closest friends. Due to brain damage, he suffers amnesia and regresses to his bullying
- Harry Osborn – Peter's
best friend in college, who eventually follows his father's footsteps and
becomes the second Green Goblin, which
- Black Cat, Felicia
Hardy – a reformed cat burglar who was Spider-Man's lover and partner at
In other media
There have been one live-action and several animated
television series starring Spider-Man.
There have been three theatrical films produced starring
Spider-Man (played by Tobey Maguire).
Peter Parker is an orphan, being raised by his genial and loving Uncle
Ben (Cliff Robertson) and Aunt
May (Rosemary Harris) in the Forrest Hills
neighborhood of Queens, New York. He is a shy science whiz high
school student who pines after the girl next door, Mary Jane Watson
(Kirsten Dunst), whom he
has had a crush on since he was six years old according to his aunt. A student
working as a photographer for the school paper, apparently Peter's only friend
is Harry Osborn (James
Franco), whom he tutors and in turn protects him from bullying by the likes
of the more popular Flash Thompson (Joe
Before entering a genetics laboratory at Columbia University
on a school field trip, he meets Harry Osborn's famous father, Dr.
Norman Osborn (Willem Dafoe), wealthy industrialist, CEO of Oscorp, and a
brilliant scientist known for his
contributions to nanotechnology. Mr.
Osborn is impressed with Peter's ability to understand his work while only in
high school, and so he reaches out as a father figure to him. While at the
exhibit of genetically
engineered super spiders and taking photos of M.J. for the school paper, he
gets bitten on the hand by one that was loose. He goes home sick. When he
awakens the next morning, he finds that his myopia is gone and he has a
muscular physique. On the same day, he uses his newfound spider-like reflexes,
agility, strength and "spider sense" to avoid being injured by Flash. Soon
after, he learns to climb walls due to minute barbs on his body, jump from
rooftop to rooftop with ease, and excrete organic webbing from his wrists.
At first, Peter decides to use his powers to impress Mary Jane, by entering a
wrestling match in order to use the cash prize to buy a new car. He tells his
aunt and uncle he is going to the library rather than a tournament. His uncle
confronts him over his strange behavior on the way to what he thinks is the
destination and Peter snaps at him. Though Peter wins the match in record time
with a makeshift suit and the sobriquet "Spider-Man", the crooked promoter
cheats him. An embittered Peter then lets the robber who stole the gate money
go, even though he could have stopped him. Tragically, Uncle Ben is shot as the
robber carjacks him.
Peter tracks his uncle’s killer and confronts him, but is wracked with guilt
for not being a hero sooner. During his time of turmoil, he recalls his uncle’s
words, "With great power, comes great responsibility." Peter takes it to heart
and vows to use his incredible abilities to fight crime and protect the city as
Spider-Man. After graduation, wherein he receives the prestigious science
award, Peter attends college and lofts with Harry. However, he is fired from a
laboratory position under the supervision of Dr. Connors, and is
hired as a freelance photographer by the Daily Bugle as he is the
only one with clear pictures of Spider-Man, though he is vilified by the miserly
Bugle chief editor J. Jonah Jameson
Simmons). To make matters worse, Peter finds that Harry is dating M.J.
behind his back, which disheartens him. Yet this does not last, and Mary Jane
falls in love with both Spider-Man and Peter separately, for each has always
been there for her.
Meanwhile, megalomaniacal Dr. Osborn has undergone his own transformation, as
he tests his unstable human performance enhancer for the military on himself and
goes insane. After he steals the equipment he designed, as the Green
Goblin, he targets those who stand in his way and endangers innocent lives,
including Aunt May and M.J. in order to attack his enemy's heart once he deduces
his identity. He frequently offers him a place at his side, against a city that
hates him, to which Spider-Man continuously refuses. Spider-Man must face him,
and in the end, the Goblin is killed by his own glider. Norman aks for him to be
a son to him, but Peter states that his father was Ben Parker. His last request
is "Don't tell Harry." Harry, in turn, swears vengeance on Spider-Man, who he
believes killed his father after seeing Spider-Man bring his corpse to the
Osborn mansion, and strengthens his friendship with Peter at the funeral. After
this, Peter turns away from M.J., realizing his duty to protect those he loves
from his enemies.
Two years have passed since the mild-mannered Peter walked away from his
longtime love Mary Jane Watson. He struggles with "the gift and the curse" of
his powers while attempting to balance his duties as an elusive superhero and
Columbia University physics student in Dr. Connors’ (Dylan
Baker) quantum mechanics
class. He loses a job as a pizza delivery boy, is nearly fired for not providing
a photo of his alter ego to Jameson, and is under financial stress. Even Aunt
May is threatened with foreclosure. Moreover, his relationships are unraveling:
he is losing M.J. and Harry’s vendetta against Spider-Man is growing, as he even
show signs of resentment toward Peter for his loyalty to the costumed vigilante.
With all the strain, his powers falter.
Having chosen the road to responsibility, he finds it most difficult to let
go of M.J. In the meantime, M.J. has moved on in her life, embarking on an
acting career and is to be married to the astronaut son of his boss, John
Jameson (Daniel Gillies). Peter
fails to see the play in which Mary Jane stars in, angering her, but later he
tries to reconnect with her. In a moment of selfishness, Peter shirks his
responsibilities as Spider-Man. But his life becomes complicated once more as
Peter’s idol, the brilliant nuclear physicist Dr. Otto Octavius
(Alfred Molina), is
reincarnated in an experimental accident as a diabolical madman and
multi-tentacled menace who he must stop in his octagonal tracks before he blows
up the city in rebuilding his fusion power
After Peter and Aunt May visit Uncle Ben's grave, Peter confesses how his
inaction resulted in his uncle's death, with his aunt considerably shaken by
this, but soon sees his bravery in admitting the truth. After a change in heart
about Spider-Man due to his rescue of her, Aunt May makes Peter realize the hope
Spider-Man gives to the people of New York and that sometimes one must let go of
their dreams for the good of mankind. Elsewhere, Otto Octavius, dubbed Doctor
Octopus by the media, makes a deal with Harry, head of Oscorp’s special
projects, to supply him with the tritium necessary to fuel his
project; he has to bring Spider-Man to Harry alive. "Doc Ock" kidnaps Mary Jane
and sets a train off course in a ploy to trap the reinvigorated Spider-Man,
which is successful. As Harry is about to stab Spider-Man after the exchange, he
unmasks him and is shocked to find his best friend is also his arch-nemesis.
Peter awakens from unconsciousness and pleads with Harry to tell him where
Octavius is, so he can save M.J., to which Harry complies. He engages Doc Ock in
a short skirmish. After reproaching Octavius with his aunt’s words of wisdom and
revealing himself as the "brilliant but lazy" student he met before, the
good-natured persona of the doctor resurfaces intent on destroying his machine.
In the midst of this, M.J. sees that Peter is Spider-Man, but he tells her they
can never be together because of his enemies.
In the end, Harry is urged by the hallucination of his father to avenge him
and he stumbles upon the Green Goblin equipment. Mary Jane leaves John Jameson
at the altar to be with Peter, who is emotionally drained and accepts her offer
Peter has struck a balance between his duties and basks in the spotlight with
his personal success. As Peter Parker, he is at the top of Dr. Connors’ quantum
mechanics class and has the girl of his dreams that he hopes to propose to,
while the city is starting to embrace Spider-Man for the first time in his
career. However, a storm is brewing on the horizon.
As the New Goblin, Harry attacks him, but suffers amnesia after a hard
blow to the head. While he rejoices with his friend back, Peter learns that the
man he had thought killed his uncle was only an accomplice, while the true
killer is still at large. The criminal is Flint Marko
Church), who after an escape from prison accidentally comes upon a particle physics test
facility, wherein he undergoes a transformation into the monstrous
Sandman. Around this time, an alien symbiote attaches itself to Peter,
changing his suit to black and brings out a dark, vengeful side of his
personality that he struggles to control. Peter becomes overconfident and
neglectful of those he loves, and must choose between the seductive new power
and the compassionate hero he used to be. M.J. becomes distant after poor
reviews of her singing performance and being pushed away. Also, Mary Jane grows
jealous of Peter’s classmate Gwen Stacy (Bryce Dallas
Howard), whom Spider-Man saves and shares a kiss with in the same manner he
had done with Mary Jane in the first film. Harry remembers his objective after
hallucinating an image of his father once more and briefly kissing Mary Jane,
and forces M.J. to break up with Peter to attack his heart as his father had
done. In a desperate struggle between the former friends at the Osborn mansion,
Harry is horribly scarred by his own pumpkin bomb. Peter even has a rival in the
cocky photographer Eddie Brock, Jr. (Topher
Grace), whom he humiliated and believes Peter stole his girlfriend Gwen.
Peter uses Gwen to hurt Mary Jane, but sees the error in his ways when he pushes
Aunt May says Uncle Ben wouldn’t want vengeance in their hearts and believes
he can set things right, and Peter realizes he is not ready for marriage since
he can‘t put M.J. first. As Brock prays for Parker’s death in a church, he
inspects Peter’s yells he hears as Peter fights his inner demons to remove the
suit, which falls upon the unsuspecting onlooker. Venom is born and teams
up with the Sandman to put an end to Spider-Man, by luring him with Mary Jane.
Peter asks Harry to swallow his pride and the help to save her, but he refuses
until the caring Osborn butler tells him the truth of his father’s death, as he
saw the wounds came from the glider. In the final battle, the two villains are
defeated and Harry dies in the arms of those he cares about as a hero. Peter is
able to find forgiveness over his uncle’s apparently accidental death as
described by Marko and reconciles with Mary Jane after attending his best
- ^ Wright,
Bradford W. Comic Book Nation. (Johns Hopkins, 2001) p. 210
- ^ O'Neill,
Cynthia, DeFalco, Tom, and Lee, Stan. Spider-Man: The Ultimate Guide
(DK CHILDREN, 2001), p.1. ISBN
- ^ Lee, Stan, and
Mair, George. Excelsior!: The Amazing Life of Stan Lee (Fireside,
2002), p.130. ISBN
- ^ Ibid., p.126: He goes even
further in his autobiography, claiming that even while pitching the concept to
publisher Martin Goodman, "I can't remember if that was literally true or not,
but I thought it would lend a little color to my pitch".
- ^ Robin Snyder's History of Comics vol. 1, #5 (May 1990):
"An Insider's Part of Comics History: Jack Kirby's Spider-Man", by Steve
Ditko, reprinted, revised and updated, in Alter Ego: The Comic Book
Artist Collection, edited Roy Thomas (TwoMorrows
Publishing, 2000), p. 56. ISBN
- ^ Daniels,
Les, Marvel: Five Fabulous Decades of the World's Greatest Comics
(Harry N. Abrams, New York, 1991), p. 95. ISBN
- ^ Ditko,
Robin Snyder's History of Comics, Ibid.: "Stan said a new Marvel hero
would be introduced in #15 [of what became titled Amazing Fantasy]. He
would be called Spider-Man. Jack would do the penciling and I was to ink the
character". At this point still, "Stan said Spider-Man would be a teenager
with a magic ring which could transform him into an adult hero — Spider-Man. I
said it sounded like The Fly, which
Joe Simon had done for Archie Comics. ... Stan
called Jack about it but I don't know what was discussed. I never talked to
Jack about Spider-Man.... Later, at some point, I was given the job of drawing
- ^ Theakston,
Greg. The Steve Ditko Reader (Pure Imagination, Brooklyn, NY, 2002; ISBN
1-56685-011-8), p. 12 (unnumbered)
- ^ Theakston,
Ibid., page 13
- ^ Ditko,
Robin Snyder's History of Comics, Ibid.
- ^ "Steve Ditko - A Portrait of the Master." Comic Fan
#2, Summer 1965. Published by Larry Herndon
- ^ Ditko
Looked Up: "Ditko & Stanton"
- ^ Theakston,
Ibid., p. 14 (unnumbered, misordered as page 16)
- ^ Daniels,
Ibid., p. 97
- ^ Wright,
Ibid., pg. 211
- ^ Wright,
Ibid., pg. 223
- ^ a b
Wright, Ibid., pg. 239
- ^ Wright,
Ibid., pg. 279
- ^ Wright,
Ibid., pg. 254
- ^ Yarbrough,
Beau (2001). Marvel to Take on World Trade Center Attack in 'Amazing
Spider-Man' (http). ComicBookResources.com. Retrieved on September 29, 2006.
- ^ Spider-Man Removes Mask at Last (http). BBC (2006).
Retrieved on September 29, 2006.
- ^ New York Post Spoils Civil War #2 (http).
Newsarama.com (2006). Retrieved on September 29, 2006.
- ^ Amazing
Fantasy #15, Vol. 1
- ^ Amazing
Spider-Man vol. 1 #1 (1963)
- ^ The
Amazing Spider-Man #50, Vol. 1
- ^ The
Amazing Spider-Man #100, Vol. 1
- ^ The
Amazing Spider-Man Annual #1, 1963
- ^ The
Amazing Spider-Man #121, Vol. 1
- ^ Civil
War #2 (June 2006)
- ^ Kiefer, Kit,
and Couper-Smartt, Jonathan. Marvel Encyclopedia Volume 4: Spider-Man
(Marvel Comics, 2003). ISBN
- ^ Spider-Man. Marvel Directory. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
- ^ Spider-Man's Back in Black in February. CBR. Retrieved on 2006-11-06.
- ^ Spider-Man villain poll. IGN. Retrieved on 2006-10-01.
Lee, 1986: "He gave me 1,000 reasons why Spider-Man would never work. Nobody
likes spiders; it sounds too much like Superman; and how could a teenager be a
superhero? Then I told him I wanted the character to be a very human guy,
someone who makes mistakes, who worries, who gets acne, has trouble with his
girlfriend, things like that. [Goodman replied,] 'He's a hero! He's not an
average man!' I said, "No, we make him an average man who happens to have super
powers, that's what will make him good'. He told me I was crazy".
- Detroit Free
Press interview, quoted in The Steve Ditko Reader by Greg Theakston (Pure
Imagination, Brooklyn, NY; ISBN
1-56685-011-8), p. 12 (unnumbered)
Kirby, 1982: "Spider-Man was discussed between Joe Simon and myself. It was
the last thing Joe and I had discussed. We had a strip called the 'The Silver
Spider'. The Silver Spider was going into a magazine called Black Magic.
Black Magic folded with Crestwood (Simon & Kirby's
1950s comics company) and we were left with the script. I believe I said this
could become a thing called Spider-Man, see, a superhero character. I had a lot
of faith in the superhero character that they could be brought back... and I
said Spider-Man would be a fine character to start with. But Joe had already
moved on. So the idea was already there when I talked to Stan".
- "Shop Talk: Jack Kirby", Will Eisner's Spirit
Magazine #39 (Feb. 1982)
Simon, 1990: "There were a few holes in Jack's never-dependable memory. For
instance, there was no Black Magic involved at all. ... Jack brought in
the Spider-Man logo that I had loaned to him before we changed the name to The
Silver Spider. Kirby laid out the story to Lee about the kid who finds a ring in
a spiderweb, gets his powers from the ring, and goes forth to fight crime armed
with The Silver Spider's old web-spinning pistol. Stan Lee said, 'Perfect, just
what I want.' After obtaining permission from publisher Martin
Goodman, Lee told Kirby to pencil-up an origin story. Kirby... using parts
of an old rejected superhero named Night Fighter... revamped the old Silver
Spider script, including revisions suggested by Lee. But when Kirby showed Lee
the sample pages, it was Lee's turn to gripe. He had been expecting a skinny
young kid who is transformed into a skinny young kid with spider powers. Kirby
had him turn into... Captain America with cobwebs. He turned Spider-Man over to
Steve Ditko, who... ignored Kirby's pages, tossed the character's magic ring,
web-pistol and goggles... and completely redesigned Spider-Man's costume and
equipment. In this life, he became high-school student Peter Parker, who gets
his spider powers after being bitten by a radioactive spider. ... Lastly, the
Spider-Man logo was redone and a dashing hyphen added".
- Simon, Joe, with Jim Simon. The Comic Book Makers (Crestwood/II,
- 1c Joe
Simon, 1997: "In the late 1950s, Archie Comics asked me
to create a new line of superheroes. I gave the Silver Spider sketches to Jack
Kirby and I changed the name again, this time to The Fly. Jack
held onto the sketches and when Stan Lee asked Jack for new ideas, Jack
brought the original Spider-Man pages to Marvel Comics. Later, Stan handed the
pages over to Steve Ditko. Ditko, on first seeing those pages, commented,
'This is Joe Simon's Fly.' Steve Ditko worked up his own version of the
- "KAPOW! A Talk With Joe Simon", Dan Whitehead, The Web Magazine,