Main Page Forum Ringtones SMS Messages Games Free Downloads Contact UsTelepk Map
Make This Page Your Home Page Make TelePK.Com Your Favorite Website Telepk Header
Mobile Zone
  1. PTCL TelePhone Directory
  2. SMS Messages
  3. SmS Jokes
  4. Sms Dictionary
  5. Memory Card Rates
  6. Mobile Phones
  7. Mobile Phone Articles
  8. Mobile Tutorials
  9. Mobile Games
  10. Mobile Wallpapers
  11. Secret Codes
  12. Ring Tones
  13. Web To SmS
  14. Telecom Reviews
  15. SMS Worldwide

  1. Islam
  2. Listen Radio Live
  3. Watch TV Channels
  4. Elections
  5. Home Decoration
  6. Beauty And Health
  7. Tech News
  8. Kitchen
  9. Greeting Cards
  10. Animation
  11. Messenger Zone
  12. Online Chat
  13. Articles
  15. City Codes
  16. Computer
  17. Know Your Heart
  18. Palmistry
  19. Myspace
  20. Make Money
  21. World News
  22. Map Guide
  23. Eid Day
  24. Pakistan
  25. Pakistani Singers
  26. Personalities
  27. Emergency No.s
  28. Funny Jokes
  29. Finance
  30. Flights
  31. Funny Pictures
  32. Kids
  33. Songs
  34. Sports Online
  35. Spotlight
  36. Student Visa
  37. Education
  38. Online Games
  39. Study Abroad
  40. Tutorials
  41. Immigration
  42. Internet
  43. Urdu
  44. Weather Status
  45. Webmaster Tools
  46. Valentine Day
  47. Video Clips
  48. Videos

Latest Updates!
Please fill out the form below to get notified whenever will be update.
Enter your email address:

Active Visitors
  1. 229

How Sweet It Is Dulls Pain for Some Kids

Normal-weight kids with a sweet tooth find that a sugary solution held in the mouth takes the edge off pain.

Yet the pain-killing effects of sucrose appear to be lost on overweight kids, on children who don't care for the sweet stuff, and on adults.

In a study published in the Dec. 15 issue of the journal Pain, investigators found that normal-weight young fans of candy and the lot who put their hands into a bucket of frigid water can tolerate the pain longer when they've got a mouth full of sugar.

The findings suggest that for children - but not for adults - the ability of sugar to take the edge off of pain is related to their preference for sweet tastes and their weight, according to M. Yanina Pepino, Ph.D., and Julie Mennella, Ph.D., of the Monell Chemical Senses Center here.

"This intriguing finding may reflect differences in brain chemistry systems," Dr. Mennella said. "Additional studies clearly are needed to evaluate how dietary habits and individual differences contribute to preference for sweet taste in children and its physiological consequences."

The analgesic properties of sugar-sucrose in infancy have been well documented. Babies in pain quiet down quicker when sugar water is placed on their tongues rather than plain water.

Yet little is known about whether the pain-numbing effects of sugar can still be seen in older children or adults, or whether sugar's effectiveness as an analgesic varies from one person to the next.

"Because individual variations in sweet preferences exist at both ends of the age spectrum, the present study tested the hypothesis that sucrose would be more effective in reducing pain in those who prefer sweet tastes," the authors wrote.

They recruited 242 children from the ages of five to 10 years and their mothers to take part in a study to determine the preferred level of sweetness and how effective sucrose was at alleviating pain associated with a standard but harmless pain test (cold pressor test).

The subjects were first tested for their sweetness preferences by giving them solutions with various concentrations of sucrose.

In a separate session, they were asked to place their hands into a body-temperature bath for two minutes, then transfer them to a cold-water bath (10 degrees C, or 50 degrees F) and keep them there for as long as they could tolerate it. Thirty seconds before transferring their hands to chilly water, the subjects were given either a 24% weight by volume sucrose solution at room temperature to hold in their mouths without swallowing.

The 24% solution was chosen because it has been to be an effective pain killer for day-old infants, the investigators said.

The study outcome measures were pain thresholds, defined as the time to first indication of discomfort, and pain tolerance, determined by the length of time the hand was kept submerged in frigid water.

The authors found that children as a group preferred significantly higher sucrose concentrations than did adults, but with enough individual differences to allow grouping in to sweet and less-sweet groups.

Sugar was not effective as an analgesic among the mothers, regardless of their preferences for degree of sweetness.

In contrast, "the more children liked sucrose, the better its efficacy as an analgesic," the authors wrote. "That is, children who preferred > 24% weight by volume sucrose exhibited an increased latency to report pain and tolerated pain for significantly longer periods of time when sucrose was held in their mouths relative to water."

They also found that among the group of kids who liked sweeter tastes, sucrose significantly increased pain thresholds for those in the normal weight range, but not for kids who were overweight or at risk for being overweight (based on CDC pediatric growth charts).

Although sugar's analgesic mechanism of action is not fully understood, there is clinical evidence to suggest that it triggers endogenous opiates such as endorphins, and perhaps that information could be used in future studies of pain perception and relief, the authors noted.

"Children and adults differ with regard to a wide variety of physiological and endocrine differences, and future studies should identify variables that promote or impede the ability of sweet taste to act as an analgesic in both children and adults," Dr. Pepino said.

<<< Back

Send this page to a friend

Most Viewed Services:
  1. New Year
  2. Free TV
  3. Watch GEO News
  4. Watch Disney TV USA
  5. AIM Away Messages
  6. AIM Buddy Icons
  7. BBQ Recipes
  8. Burger Recipes
  9. Fruit Salad Recipes
  10. Funny Pictures
  11. Spider-Man
  12. Spider-Man The Film
  13. Spider-Man Wallpapers
  14. Family
  15. Family Fun
  16. Windows Live Messenger
  17. Easter E-Cards
  18. 2008 Festivals
  19. Christian Festivals
  20. Msn Display Pictures
  21. Yahoo Avatars
  22. Myspace
  23. Nokia 5700
  24. Nokia 5070
  25. Bob Woolmer
  26. SMS Messages
  27. SMS Jokes
  28. Animals
  29. Apple
  30. Bikes
  31. Zong
  32. World
  33. Cars
  34. Celebrity
  35. Facebook
  36. Ali Lohan
  37. Computer
  38. Finance
  39. Fitness
  40. Shoes
  41. New Homes
  42. MSN Web Messenger
  43. Download MSN Messenger
  44. Download Latest Msn Messenger
  45. Multi MSN
  46. Download Multi MSN
  47. MSN Emoticon
  48. MSN Nick Name
  49. MSN Screen Names
  50. MSN Nick
  51. MSN Names
  52. Cool MSN Emoticon
  53. Urdu
  54. Urdu Jokes
  55. Urdu Dictionary
  56. Urdu Poetry
  57. Automobile
  58. Cars
  59. New Cars
  60. Food
  61. Kitchen
  62. Cell Phone
  63. Free Mobile Game
  64. Free Mobile Wallpapers
  65. Mobile Phone Secret Code
  66. Free Web SMS
  67. Free Worldwide Sms
  68. Islam Way
  69. Home Interior Decoration
  70. Health And Beauty Tip
  71. Latest Tech News
  72. Kitchen Remodeling
  73. Free E Greeting Card
  74. Know Heart
  75. Palmistry Line
  76. Make Money Online
  77. Myspace HTML Codes
  78. Myspace Toolbox
  79. Toyota RAV4
  80. Nokia Cell Phone
  81. Sony Ericsson Cell Phone
  1. Chinese New year Celebration
  2. Blackberry Phone
  3. Funny Joke
  4. MSN Avatars
  5. MSN Smileys
  6. MSN Display Pics
  7. MSN Display Pictures
  8. Pakistan Cricket Team
  9. Spicy Food
  10. Health Food
  11. Pakistan
  12. AOL Block Checker
  13. Urdu News
  14. Yahoo Web Messenger
  15. Download Yahoo Messenger
  16. Download Latest Messenger Version Yahoo
  17. Multi Yahoo Messenger
  18. Download Multi Yahoo Messenger
  19. Yahoo Emoticon
  20. Yahoo Hidden Emoticon
  21. Yahoo Avatars
  22. Yahoo Display Pictures
  23. Yahoo Animated Avatars
  24. Yahoo Smileys
  25. Free Cooking Recipe
  26. Hindu Festivals
  27. Sikh Festivals
  28. March Madness
  29. Tutorials
  30. Article of Mobile Phone
  31. Abrar Ul Haq
  32. Zong Sms
  33. Internet
  34. Better Homes
  35. Home
  36. Pets
  37. Forex
  38. Real Estate
  39. Science
  40. Stock Exchange
  41. WWE
  42. Information
  43. Football
  44. Flights
  45. Cricket News
  46. Latest World News
  47. Personality
  48. Emergency Phone Numbers
  49. Family Kid
  50. Online Spotlight
  51. Student Visa
  52. Download Online Game
  53. Study Abroad
  54. Immigration Law
  55. College University
  56. Web Master Tool
  57. Weather Report
  58. Funny Video Clips
  59. Funny SMS Joke
  60. Urdu SMS
  61. New Year SMS Joke
  62. Free SMS Joke
  63. AIM Block Checker
  64. City Code
  65. Find Article
  66. Dual Sim T500
  67. Asus P535
  68. Asus Cell Phone
  69. Sky Scrappers
  70. Funny Jokes
  71. History of Pakistan
  72. Government of Pakistan
  73. Lahore Resolution
  74. English Chat
  75. Online Chat Rooms
  76. Computer Wallpaper
  77. Software Downloads
  78. Samsung i710
  79. Ali Zafar
  80. Atif Aslam

More Resources...

© All Rights Reserved : Pakistan : Privacy Policy : Disclaimer : Advertise with us : Sitemaps : 1, 2, 3, 4, 5